“Under the Charter, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.” The UNSC held its first meeting in 1946, since then, the world has changed significantly and new problems have emerged. However, it is still part of the incumbencies of the council to promote respect for human rights all over the world. While all other organs of the United Nations only make recommendations for Member Countries, decisions made by the UNSC are expected to be implemented by all nations.
The world is now facing a wave of the privatization of war. Mercenaries, private military contractors and other security officials are now for hire and many countries are finding it a cheaper and more efficient way of warfare. The social costs of outsourcing war are really high and there is little or no accountability for those mercenaries involved in criminal offenses overseas. It should be a goal of the United Nations to make sure that these companies and their contractors adhere to international human rights and humanitarian law in all of their operations around the world.
Another problem threatening the life of civilians and the stability of nations is arms trafficking. While most of the arms trade occur within the legitimate spheres of business, a large amount of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) are sold and resold through the “grey” and “black” markets: illegal methods of sale that do not conform to any international norms. When those arms reach the wrong hands, civilian lives are lost and countries sink into endless civil wars that harm the future of generations. Both situations should be administered and regulated by the Security Council in order to protect human rights in the whole world.
We look forward to being able to assist you in the discussion process in order to solve this alarming problem and to see you in the XIII Forum FAAP!